An Abhidharma text written by Vasubandhu before he converted to Mahanyana Buddhism. The name of the text literally means the strorehouse. Abhidhamma is the Higher Teaching of the Buddha, some- times referred to as the ultimate teaching (paramattha desanà). In it, man is described as a. The Sanskrit term abhidharma seems to derive from the expression “concerning ( abhi) the teaching(s) (Skt., dharma, Pali, dhamma).” For the.

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A small number of other Abhidharma texts of unknown origin are preserved in translation in the Chinese canon.

These are both works from India written approximately during the fourth or fifth century C. The literal translation of the term Abhidharma is unclear.

Treasury of Abhidharma

It is expressed through different kinds of knowledge and specific abilities until the practitioner reaches the state of an arhat. Philosophy and religion Religion Credited.

The Abhidharma exegesis, then, occasioned among Buddhist circles doctrinal controversies that could be termed ontological around such issues as what the nature of a dharma is; abhidarma, in the internal constitution of a dharmamakes it the very particular it is; the manner of existence of dharmas; the dynamics of their causal interaction; and the nature of the reality they constitute.

Restricting the account to the consciousness process of ordinary beings, two types of process are described: What reappears here is the categorial dimension of the dharma analysis qua a metaphysical theory of mental events in terms of sameness of conditional relations.


This page was last modified on 6 Septemberat The extensive explanation of the nature of karma] Part 1b. If causes, kosba, and their results are all momentary events, how can an event that has ended have a result?

This enterprise involves breaking down the objects of ordinary perception into their constituent, discrete dharmas and clarifying their relations of causal conditioning.

Like every instance of consciousness, sensory perception is intentional, encapsulated in the interaction among the sense faculties, their corresponding types of discriminative consciousness, and their appropriate sense objects.

Abhidhaema vice versa kosna objects that are undesirable or unpleasing and previous unwholesome consciousness respectively. These commentarial definitions of dharmas as carrying their intrinsic natures should not be interpreted ontologically as implying that dharmas are substances having inherent existence. Only in a subsidiary sense is this network an analysis of causal efficacy. Adding that dharmas are borne by causal conditions counters the idea of intrinsic natures borne by underlying substances distinct from themselves.

This chapter is concerned with the truth of suffering. The origin of karma is mental obscurations. This is evidenced in two characteristics of the genre that can be traced to earlier Buddhist literature. Including Vasubandhu’s own commentary, kossha are nine commentaries which have been translated into Tibetan and found their way into the Tengyur.

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Each and every book arrived in perfect shape–thanks to the extreme care you all took in double-boxing them and using very strong boxes. The best known such texts are the Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosa and the Abhidhammatthasangaha of Anuruddha. Sanghabhadra upholds the orthodox Sarvastavadin position and is famously arguing against some of Vasubandhu’s Sautrantika assertions.


Those who rejoice in the qualities of others cultivate lovingkindness quickly and easily, as opposed to those who enjoy discerning others’ shortcomings.

What fuels these processes is causal interaction, but the very notion of causation is allegedly compromised by the theory of momentariness. Privacy policy About Rigpa Wiki Disclaimers. The mind switches from its inactive mode to a simple mind-door process when a concept abhidharrma memory occurs and no attention is directed to the other five sense fields.

Abhidharmakosha, Abhidharmakośa, Abhidharma-kosha: 1 definition

Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ontology is a concern for both systems, but the shift in terminology from intrinsic nature to the characteristics reflects a concurrent shift from a category-based abstract ontology to an epistemological ontology that is experientially or cognitively determined. They are an introduction to understanding how samsara functions. You have to be a member in order to post comments.

The Abhidhamma Abhdiharma is the third pitaka, or basket, of the Tipitaka Sanskrit: Once this pacification has been attained, vipashyana meditation Tib: The dharma analysis therefore paves the way for conceptual realism: Rather, they were more preoccupied with the psychological apparatus governing the process of cognizing of sense data, and hence with the changing ratio between material and mental phenomena. The name of the text literally means the strorehouse kosa of Abhidharma.