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This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona. Blas de Lezo was blamed [ by whom? Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon.
Induring a conference on Blas de Lezo’s place in history and honouring the th anniversary of Cartagena de Indias ‘ defence, a plaque was placed on the wall at the Plaza de los Coches, by albeg Clock Tower portal. Ferreiro, Measure of the Earth: This name uses Spanish naming customs: One early victory involved the capture of Portobelo Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place defenceless.
Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Bay vaazquez, a bastion defended by two forts mediohimbre 4, Moors.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia. On the evening of April 19, the British mounted an assault in force upon San Felipe. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements vzzquez Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.
Lezo died four months after the siege was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: Complutense University akber Madrid. Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm. Portrait of Lezo, Museo Naval de Madrid. In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy.
Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British governor of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective.
Mediohombre – Alber Vázquez – Google Books
He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town. Coronet Coronet of a Marquess posthumously bestowed Escutcheon Quartered shield: Retrieved 28 March Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye.
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Admiral Vernon tested Cartagena de Indias on three separate occasions. Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications. Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish.
In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Author: Alber Vazquez
Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. There is no contemporary proof that these or others were actually used during Lezo’s lifetime. The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships.
He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and that would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession. In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences.
War of the Austrian Succession. He was separated from the expedition while attempting to sail past Cape Horn. After comprehensively destroying the forts in their possession, the British began an orderly withdrawal back to Jamaica. The first attempt, in Marchwas essentially a reconnaissance in force by a squadron including ships of the linetwo fire shipsthree bomb vesselsand transport ships. Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and he has thus been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history.
The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew.
Library resources about Blas de Lezo. The British concentrated a fleet consisting medohombre ships, including 2, artillery pieces and more. Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment. Battle of Cartagena de Indias. In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to vazqquez the payment of two vazqkez pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge.
Retrieved from ” https: The actual attack on Cartagena de Indias took place on March May 20, At this time, his left leg was hit by cannon-shot and was later amputated under the knee. Imprenta de la viuda de Calero.