ASTM E/EM: Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Laminated Glass Walkways. of breakage (POB) of 8/ from the appendix of ASTM E, these allowable stresses While ASTM E () does address point loads as design. testing to ASTM F Test Method. • Testing program 41kPa,. kPa-msec ASTM E Standard. Practice. – Calculation method. • Determine glass.

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A glass stress reduction factor may be required for some acid etched or patterned glasses; consult the manufacturer. ASTM E, Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Glass Walkwaysprovides requirements for structural performance, markings for clarity and slip resistance for the design and construction of these features. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.

Issues that are common to all walkways, such as slip resistance, are addressed in existing referenced standards. When tempered glass breaks, it fractures perpendicular to the plane of the surfacerather than parallel to it, resulting in small cubes that are less likely to cause significant injury… Float glass was the most common type of glass used in buildings until recent times.

Storefronts and glazed curtainwalls may not be reliably identified by people walking nearby and they can easily be confused with an open walking path. The glass in glass hoistway doors shall be not less than 60 percent of the total visible door panel surface area as seen from the landing side.

ASTM E2751/E2751M – 17a

Therefore, the type of glass is an important consideration in the design and construction of glass asym and glass landings constructed with laminated glass. Glass in elevator car enclosures, glass elevator car doors and glass used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars shall be laminated glass conforming to Class A in accordance with ANSI Z What is a Safe Floor?

One side can shatter from impact without the other side shattering, and, when the glass shatters, it does not delaminate into shards… Tempered Glass is created during manufacture by rapidly cooling the outer surfaces of the glass while the inner portion remains viscous.


A heavier form of this glass is float e7251. Shower and sauna enclosures and glass enclosures at some recreational and sports areas are also identified as impact hazard areas. His expertise in facility design, construction, and architectural professional practice, along with his extensive experience in the premises ashm aspects of the built environment, are applied to asmt forensic casework.

Impact resistance, breakage tolerance, deflection of the system, and the free area between components are all regulated by this standard and the failure to meet any one of them can result in injury.

ICC Passes Two Glass Walkway Provisions

An allowable stress reduction factor of 0. Submit an inquiry or contact the author of this article to discuss your case and how we can assist. Glass in elevator cars shall be in accordance with this section.

Under impact, body parts can break the glass, and the embedded wires present a significant risk of injury. His discussion covers the various categories of glass, the use of glass in windows, doors, and partitions, and relevant safety standards.

Transparent glass walls where the glass cannot be easily distinguished from the surroundings should be made conspicuous to prevent impact injuries. Old float or wired glass still in use where modern standards require safety glazing products; improperly installed replacement glass panels and tempered or heat strengthened glass which fail during use; and inadequately marked or protected glass panels which cannot be reliably identified can all result in injury.

Laminated Glass has two separate pieces of annealed, heat strengthened or tempered glass sandwiched around a layer of clear polyvinyl butaryl PVB.

Glass can be a safe building component when used in compliance with recognized standards and protected from human impact, but injuries still regularly occur.

Existing float glass can be covered with guards or a transparent film to prevent it from shattering and most glass can be easily removed and replaced with an appropriate safety glazing material.

Anthony is a Registered Architect with over twenty seven years of professional experience in the Architectural and Engineering Consultant industry. This article was developed in concert with other members of the Premises Safety practice group.


These products are less likely to break when subjected to impact and less likely to cause serious injury ee2751 broken.

Edmonton International Airport – Cast Glass, Glass Flooring, Antique Mirrors – Jockimo, Inc.

Glass in elevator hoistway enclosures and hoistway doors shall be laminated glass conforming w2751 ANSI Z These shards can easily cut flesh and tendons, and the results can be severe or even deadly.

F2751 into fire and life safety codes for much of those 50 years, wired glass can still be found in buildings today. The use of wired glass has faded with the introduction of ceramic and tempered glass products but it is still present in many older buildings today.

Model codes, including the International Building Code, define these areas as those subject to human impact. Float glass was the most aetm type of glass used in buildings until recent times.

Glass installed in hoistways and hoistway doors where the hoistway is required asttm have a fire-resistance rating shall also comply with Section The first is the likelihood of being adtm during the impact; the second involves the instincts of many people to pull their body, arm, or leg away from the glass.

It can be cut again. The glass is not subjected to further treatment such as sandblasting; etching; heat treatment or painting that could alter the original properties of the glass.

A common feature in commercial and retail environments, Glass guards and handrails require the same safety features as non-glass guards and handrails. Tempered glass shall be permitted to be used for lining walls and ceilings of elevator cars provided: Depending upon where and how they are used, e2715 these products can be hazardous.

While not as strong as the later developed annealed or tempered glass, wired glass was used for over 50 years in windows in doors and along corridors, and those areas required to provide fire separation protection.