HISTORY OF BAALBEK ALOUF PDF

History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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It consists of six mammoth stones thirty to thirty three feet in length, fourteen feet in height and ten feet in depth, 22 each an estimated tonnes in weight. Hapgood, Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, p. The largest modern cranes in the world would have difficulty in lifting, let alone moving, these massive limestone blocks, and yet there they sit. Heliopolis in Phoenicia; not to be confused with the Egyptian bishopric Heliopolis in Augustamnica was a bishopric under Roman and Byzantine rule, but it was wiped out by Islam.

They were transported by helicopter [] and supported by Apache helicopters and unmanned drones[] [] The Israeli Defense Forces was acting on information that Goldwasser and Regev were at the hospital while og and other sources claimed the IDF was attempting to capture senior Hezbollah officials, particularly Sheikh Mohammad Yazbek. Invisible Helpers by Charles Webster Alouv.

In the mid-1st century, Nero built the tower-altar opposite the temple.

All blend together as one, and not perhaps without reason. Syriaand grandson of Elioun Canaanite El and his wife Beruth who gave her name to the alluf of Berytus or Beirut. Below these are at least three further courses of somewhat smaller blocks of mostly irregular widths which were apparently exposed when the Arabs attempted to incorporate the outer podium wall into their fortifications.

Each one weighs an estimated tonnes a piece.

Ultimately, the site vied with Praeneste in Italy as the two largest sanctuaries in the Western world. For instance, an early twentieth-century drawing of hitsory last-remaining prehistoric wall at Aradus, an ancient city on the Syrian coast, shows the use of cyclopean blocks estimated to have been between thirty and forty tonnes a piece. Gaalbek capital of Baalbek-Hermel Governorate[6] Baalbek has a population of approximately 82, [ citation needed ] mostly Shia Muslimsfollowed by Sunni Muslims and Christians.

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Firstly there appears to have been a strong link between Isis-Osiris legend and the mountains north-west of Baalbek.

It is, of course, from Baal that Baalbek derives its name, which means, simply, ‘town of Baal’. In my previous editions of the history alour Baal bek, I had drawn my facts from the best authorities then known, but the new light thrown on the subject by the German Mission shows, that, on some points, my information was inexact.

As punishment, they were banished to Tartarus, a mythical region of hell enclosed by a brazen wall and shrouded perpetually by a cloud of darkness. And herein the problems begin, for the local inhabitants of the Beqa’a Valley – who consist in the bawlbek of Arab Muslims, Maronite Christians and Orthodox Christians – do preserve legends about the origins of the Great Platformbut they do not involve the Romans.

Routledge, Baablek, Ragette. Although Tartarus has always been seen as a purely mythical location, there is reason to link it with a Phoenician city-port and kingdom known as Tartessus Tarshish in the Bible that thrived in the Spanish province of Andalucia during ancient times.

When the Romans began construction of the gigantic Temple of Jupiter – the largest of its kind in the classical world – during the reign of Emperor Augustus in the late first century BC, they utilized an existing podium made up of huge walls of baalnek stone blocks. Callista Santorini Paxi Rhodes.

Baalbek – Wikipedia

They say that Baalbek’s first city was built before the Great Flood by Cain, the son of Adam, whom God hisstory to the ‘land of Nod’ that lay ‘east of Bsalbek for murdering his good brother Abel, and he called it after his son Enoch.

What influence might this forgotten race have brought to bear on the development of Lebanon’s pre-Phoenician culture? How did the pulley gangs manage to bring together these stones so exactly and how were they able to achieve such precision movement when the land beyond the podium slopes gently downwards?

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Moreover, stories of giants exist right across Asia Minor and the Middle East, and these are often cited to explain the presence of either cyclopean ruins such as the Greek city of Mycenae, the cyclopean walls of which were said to have been built by the one-eyed cyclops – hence the term ‘cyclopean’ masonry or gigantic natural and man-made features.

In the former edition of my book, I inserted two plans, one representing the original state of the slouf, one showing their present con dition. This much is known. Excavations in the vicinity of the Great Court of the Temple of Jupiter have revealed the existence of a tell, or occupational mound, dating back to the Early Baalvek age c. Muslims histkry the surrounding area gathered, however, and entered the castle through a secret passageway shown to them by a local.

In Greek and Roman antiquityit was known as Heliopolis. History of Baalbek Michel M. Instead, its emir did homage and agreed to regular payments of tribute. Lord Rothschild Memorial Sermon by J. Heliopolis of the East. Operation Sharp and Smooth. Yet the openness of individuals such as de Saulcy and Renan gives us reason to doubt the assertions of their modern-day equivalents.

History of Baalbek

Even if the dates suggested for Sanchoniatho’s Byblos culture are open to question, I believe the sacred fortress hypothesis brings us a lot closer to unlocking the mysteries of Baalbek. It also extended north-eastwards to where a great court, an observation tower, an enclosed hexagonal court and a raised, open-air altar were incorporated into the overall design. Fragments of his translation were fortunately preserved by an early Christian writer named Eusebius AD Autumn and spring are mild and fairly rainy.

Through the foundation there run three enormous passages the size of railway tunnels. It was granted alofu the eunuch Ata al-Khadim[19] who also served as viceroy of Damascus.